Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

C. Frederick Wehba Considers Real Estate Options of Buying vs. Selling

In Uncategorized on July 24, 2014 at 11:52 am

C. Frederick WehbaC. Frederick Wehba, a real estate leader with four decades of experience in his field, has a deep understanding about the various complexities related to buying a property. For Americans today, this process carries with it an extraordinary financial responsibility, notes C. Frederick Wehba. In this recent interview with Presentation Solutions, C. Frederick Wehba explains the different activities required before completing a real estate purchase.

Presentation Solutions: Welcome – thanks for calling in today!

C. Frederick Wehba: I appreciate the opportunity, and you are welcome.

Presentation Solutions: Here’s the million-dollar question: Should people rent or own?

C. Frederick Wehba: Well, there are a distinct set of advantages and disadvantages to each option.

Presentation Solutions: That’s a broad answer…

C. Frederick Wehba: It is! Each individual must ask a number of important questions before making his or her decision.

Presentation Solutions: What are some of the major costs?

C. Frederick Wehba: Business persons should consider their long-term prospects before purchasing a new property.

Presentation Solutions: How so?

C. Frederick Wehba: A significant down payment is often required in most cases, not to mention property appraisals and early-stage renovations.

Presentation Solutions: For what is the property owner responsible?

C. Frederick Wehba: Purchasing a property commits the owner to a variety of tasks. In the event of business growth requiring workplace changes, it may be difficult to make adjustments when property ownership is involved.

Presentation Solutions: What other considerations are important in this decision, in your opinion?

C. Frederick Wehba: It’s the owner’s responsibility to take care of any waste products resulting from activities at the property.

Presentation Solutions: Could you talk about the possible consequences of poor maintenance?

C. Frederick Wehba: If the business releases contamination into the local ecosystem, legal authorities require that the business owner address the issue.

Presentation Solutions: What might be necessary in that scenario?

C. Frederick Wehba: Financial reparations are often necessary to fix the problem. And they can be quite costly.

Presentation Solutions: It seems that purchasing may not always be the right fit, then.

C. Frederick Wehba: Although it offers plenty of rewards, it is also a tremendous obligation and must be carefully considered before plunging ahead.

Presentation Solutions: Does the final decision depend on the specific neighborhood of the property?

C. Frederick Wehba: Location is always a vital aspect of the selection process, whether it is for the purchase of a personal home or commercial property.

Presentation Solutions: In more attractive areas, is leasing or purchasing the best option?

C. Frederick Wehba: Properties located in desirable regions are often easier to lease than to purchase, yes.

Presentation Solutions: Very interesting…

C. Frederick Wehba: The most prudent solution is to seek out the counsel of a top-level real estate professional who can offer invaluable guidance.

Presentation Solutions: This has been a highly educational chat. Thanks again!

C. Frederick Wehba: It has been my pleasure.

Los Angeles business expert C. Frederick Wehba is a trusted advisor in the real estate market, answering a series of questions for would-be lessors and property owners who are confused about these complex processes. We appreciate C. Frederick Wehba taking the time to share powerful information that sheds light on the various aspects of these transactions.


Business Entrepreneurs Benefit from Art of Networking

In Uncategorized on March 16, 2014 at 1:46 pm

3.14.14 - NetworkingRunning a business is a difficult task and it can feel lonesome and isolating at times. In order for an organization to grow, professional development is important. Although it often pays to be independent, there are numerous advantages to working in tandem with other top executives and thought leaders. These prominent figures can end up having a positive impact on a business.

Networking is the most powerful marketing strategy to build and maintain success for any organization. Networking means making mutually beneficial connections that can serve as a launching pad for each member’s particular mission. Relationships are a proven catalyst that can help other people succeed and serve as a valuable resource. In a world constantly with sales pitches, status updates, tweets, emails and advertisements, messages can easily get lost. Professional relationships enable an organization to cut through the clutter and remain foremost in the minds of industry leaders.

Networking is critical to the success of any business entrepreneur. By meeting new people with similar ambitions and interests, an organization can succeed, an entrepreneur can uncover new opportunities for growth and renewal.

Networking does not have to be reserved for a professional event. Having similar hobbies or interests can be an enjoyable way to meet potential friends and business partners. At first, it’s advisable to perform some general research and see what organizations share the same core values and beliefs. Joining the local Chamber of Commerce is a prime activity for many businesses. It brings visibility and credibility to a business while more contacts. The various attributes involved with becoming a member include publicity and promotion, chamber events, community presence and a voice in government. Exchanges with like-minded individuals can lead the way towards more innovative ideas while providing moral support for both parties.

With more businesses expanding globally, online forums and social networks have made it much easier for professionals to stay in touch with business contacts in their local community and beyond.

Developer Richard E. Dover Sells Items from Historic Alexander Inn Ahead of Renovations

In Uncategorized on July 26, 2013 at 8:55 am

Richard-E-Dover-PresentationSolutions-Alexander-Inn-SaleRichard E. Dover is a real estate developer based in Knoxville, Tenn. A Tennessee native, Richard E. Dover has previously worked as a project manager for General Homes of Houston, Texas, as well as for its parent company CBRE. Richard E. Dover was also a self-employed real estate developer until taking the helm of Family Pride Corporation in 1993, a company primarily involved in developing high-quality assisted living facilities.

Presentation Solutions: Mr. Dover, please tell us about your renovation of the historic Alexander Inn.

Richard E. Dover: We are preserving this Oak Ridge historic property by renovating it and converting it into an assisted living facility.

Presentation Solutions: How is it historic?

Richard E. Dover: It was built in 1942, known then as the Guest House, when the Manhattan Project was starting in Oak Ridge. It housed some of the top scientists working on the atomic bomb such as Robert Oppenheimer and Enrico Fermi.

Presentation Solutions: How long will the renovation take?

Richard E. Dover: It’s a nine-month process. If you walk along the outside façade of the building today, you can see that there are lots of things that need work.

Presentation Solutions: Such as?

Richard E. Dover: All the windows have to be updated. But since we are committed to a historic renovation, the wood will need to look the same as it originally did.

Presentation Solutions: Your company is called Family Pride Corporation, correct?

Richard E. Dover: That’s right. We’ve done this before and we know we’ve got our work cut out for us. But people have waited a long time for this and we’re ready.

Presentation Solutions: Where are you in the process?

Richard E. Dover: We’ve just finished demolition, removing anything that’s hazardous to our crews. Despite the dilapidated appearance, the building could be a lot worse.

Presentation Solutions: How’s that?

Richard E. Dover: The general structure is in great shape and the areas that are bad, we’ll just start from the ground up and build anew.

Presentation Solutions: Will it be restored to look just like it did in the 1940s?

Richard E. Dover: Yes. As a protected historic site, the inn will be preserved to its original form. We think it’s great any time you can save a historical building like the Alexander Inn that has such a history in Oak Ridge.

Presentation Solutions: We’ve learned that the public has had a chance to own some of this history.

Richard E. Dover: That’s right. During demolition, we found all kinds of furnishings that were just going to be thrown away, so we wanted to give people a chance to have some things from the building.

Presentation Solutions: What about the historical pieces?

Richard E. Dover: All furniture and architectural pieces of real historic value have been removed and placed in several local museums, but there were still many other items for sale.

Presentation Solutions: What kinds of items?

Richard E. Dover: Mirrors, dressers, bed frames, old upholstered armchairs, and more. Volunteers removed all the remaining furniture and items from the dozens of rooms and held an estate sale.

Presentation Solutions: Were the items expensive?

Richard E. Dover: The items were mostly from the ’60s and ’70s and priced below $50.

Presentation Solutions: Who benefited from the sale?

Richard E. Dover: The funds benefited the East Tennessee Preservation Alliance.

Presentation Solutions: That sounds like a really great opportunity!

Richard E. Dover: There was some really neat stuff just sitting there and in great shape; it just took knocking the dust off it.

Presentation Solutions: Thanks for talking with us.

Richard E. Dover: My pleasure.

New Options in Corporate Finance | Q&A with Aldo Todini

In Uncategorized on February 5, 2013 at 4:26 am
Aldo Todini

Aldo Todini

Aldo Todini, an Italian businessman and consultant, answers questions about the corporate finance and why the European financial crisis means businesses must look away from banks to fund operations.

Q. Why do companies seek external funding?

Aldo Todini: As a means to inject money into their product lines. This may be to research new revenue streams or to fill a deficit caused by recession across the continent.

Q. What funding options are available?

Aldo Todini: The most common is borrowing from banks but bonds are another solid way to finance.

Q. What benefits do selling corporate bonds have over taking out a loan?

Aldo Todini: The main benefit is they do not restrict the company from trying new things to create revenue.

Q. How are bank loans restrictive?

Aldo Todini:  Banks have a set risk level they are willing to take. They may not allow for the funding of new product lines, which is a major risk but also has the most potential reward for a company or its investors.

Q. What exactly is a bond?

Aldo Todini: A bond is essentially a piece of debt that a company owes. The debt is repaid by investors, which frees the company up to use liquid funds for other purposes.

Q. How much do bonds cost?

Aldo Todini: Bonds are typically sold in units of $1,000 – this can vary, however, from company to company. Bonds are held for a set time period then repaid with interest.

Q. Do bonds carry risk?

Aldo Todini: Each bond opportunity will afford certain benefits and risks. Bonds are graded according to the seller’s anticipated ability to repay the borrowed money.

Q. If a company selling bonds goes out of business, how to investors recoup their losses.

Aldo Todini: If the company liquidates its assets, which is common among failing businesses, the monies raised will be recovered for investors. Bond holders take priority over stockholders.

Q. Why should a business employ a third party consultant prior to selling bonds?

Aldo Todini: A consultant, specifically one familiar with business process reengineering, can first identity area of waste and help plan for more efficient manufacturing. This offers the potential bond investors more piece of mind, thus encouraging more sales and ultimately more funds.

About Aldo Todini

A native of Turkey, Aldo Todini moved to Italy early in his life and has been active in the country’s business and commerce for over 20 years. As a 1997 graduate of the University of Rome, Aldo Todini has both the education and experience to guide companies to success. Aldo Todini has worked with the Italian Parliament and countless corporations in the areas of technology and business reprocess reengineering. He is an independent consultant with expertise in industrial promotion, finance, marketing, and international staff training.



Le nuove opportunità nel Corporate Finance | Botta e risposta con Aldo Todini
Aldo Todini, imprenditore italiano e consulente di management, risponde alle domande sulla corporate finance e sul perché la crisi finanziaria europea vuole dire che le aziende devono dimenticarsi delle banche per finanziare le proprie operazioni.

Perché le aziende cercano finanziamenti esterni?

Aldo Todini: Cercano finanziamento come mezzo per iniettare denaro nelle loro linee di prodotto. Questo può essere per ricercare nuovi opportunità di reddito o per colmare un deficit causato dalla recessione in tutto il continente.

Quali opzioni di finanziamento sono disponibili?

Aldo Todini: Il più comune è rivolgendosi alle banche ma le obbligazioni sono un modo in crescita per finanziare le proprie operazioni.

Quali sono i vantaggi delle obbligazioni rispetto al chiedere un prestito al mercato bancario?

Aldo Todini: Il vantaggio principale è che con le obbligazioni non c’è vincolo sull’utilizzo dei fondi e quindi le aziende possono utilizzarli per “scommettere” su nuove strade per generare reddito.

In che modo i prestiti bancari sono restrittivi?

Aldo Todini: Le banche operano sulla base di un determinato livello di rischio che sono disposte ad assumersi. In questa fase economica non possono consentire ad esempio a finanziamenti di nuove linee di prodotto – che sono un grande rischio ma anche il sistema principale per le aziende per trovare nuovo business.

Che cosa è esattamente un Bond?

Aldo Todini: Un bond/obbligazione è essenzialmente un “pezzo” di debito che una società ha nei confronti di terzi. Il debito viene venduto agli investitori dall’azienda che quindi può utilizzare i fondi derivanti da questa vendita per crescere, svilupparsi, creare nuove opportunità di business.

Quanto costano le obbligazioni?

Aldo Todini: Le obbligazioni sono in genere vendute in unità di $ 1.000 – questo valore può variare, tuttavia, da azienda ad azienda. Le obbligazioni sono detenute per un periodo di tempo impostato poi ripagato con gli interessi.

Questi titoli presentano dei rischi?

Aldo Todini: Ogni opportunità obbligazione offrirà alcuni vantaggi e alcuni rischi. Le obbligazioni sono classificate in base alla capacità prevista del venditore di restituire il denaro preso in prestito.

Se una società che ha emesso obbligazioni cessa l’attività, come faranno gli investitori a recuperare il loro investimento?

Aldo Todini: Se la società liquida il suo patrimonio, cosa comune tra le imprese in difficoltà, i fondi raccolti saranno distribuiti agli investitori. I detentori di obbligazioni hanno la priorità rispetto agli azionisti.

Perché un’azienda ha bisogno di un consulente esterno prima dell’emissione di obbligazioni?

Aldo Todini: Un consulente, nello specifico con familiarità con business process reengineering, può identificare e risolvere inefficienze nella produzione e quindi migliorare l’efficienza. Questa maggiore efficienza permette un maggiore appeal aziendale e quindi una maggiore appetibilità delle obbligazioni. In ultima analisi può incidere positivamente nella fase di collocazione del debito obbligazionario.


Nato in Turchia da genitori italiani, Aldo Todini si trasferisce in Italia nei primi anni della sua vita e dopo il suo percorso scolastico e accademico è attivo nel mondo economico industriale e commerciale da oltre 20 anni. Diplomati nel 1997 all’Università di Roma, Aldo Todini ha il mix giusto tra competenze ed esperienza per guidare le aziende verso il successo. Aldo Todini ha lavorato con il Parlamento Italiano e con innumerevoli società nei settori della tecnologia e del BPR. E ‘un consulente indipendente con esperienza nella promozione industriale, finanza, marketing e la formazione del personale.


Rich Von Alvensleben – Corporate America: Built on Uneven Ground

In Uncategorized on December 22, 2012 at 3:20 pm
Rich Von Alvensleben

Rich Von Alvensleben

Rich Von Alvensleben, CEO of One Up Construction, a California Licensed General Contractor and Operations Manager of Von Vesting, Inc., a real estate investment firm focused on distressed property, says corporate America isn’t built on a straight and narrow path. Instead, it’s fraught with high peaks and deep valleys – and both are vital to its continued operation.

Imagine, says Rich Von Alvensleben, the great Pyramids of Egypt, Mount Fuji, and the Eiffel Tower–three very different sights with one undeniable common trait. All three of these structures, both man-made and naturally occurring, are pyramidal, with an expansive base and a definite point. According to Rich Von Alvensleben, businesses – successful businesses – are built with this same schematic in mind.

There Has to Be a Valley in Order to Have a Mountain

Rich Von Alvensleben says that a pyramid structure in the workplace allows each individual to harness his or her natural talents most effectively. According to Rich Von Alvensleben, having fewer people at the top opens up the opportunity for more business leaders to start their own dynasties instead of living in someone else’s shadow when they know they are top tier material. So then, asks Rich Von Alvensleben, why are there so many people who start at the bottom and stagnate in the middle?

Growing up, most people are instilled the values of hard work and loyalty to “the hand that feeds” them. Rich Von Alvensleben notes that 97% of Americans work for someone else. The remaining 3% are the ones who start off on the pedestal and build their businesses from the sky down. These few with the entrepreneurial spirit understand what they bring to the table and know a good support team only makes them stand a little higher, explains Rich Von Alvensleben. These are the founders of businesses like Microsoft and General Motors. These are the ones who turned their backs on conformity and took a chance. According to Rich Von Alvensleben, these are the people who became the hand that feeds the populace.

Ride the Wave

Businesses are built by leaders. They are created by those with the ideas and the inner strength and courage to face adversity against all odds to make their dreams a reality, says Rich Von Alvensleben. The most successful leaders are the ones who can find the perfect “right hand man” to extend their reach. Rich Von Alvensleben says that successful companies are built because these leaders also know how to build a support system that strengthens the foundation for those at the top. According to Rich Von Alvensleben, the ability to recruit talented individuals is a gift all executives must have.

As a business grows, so must its base. The leaders of today must have many generals who can each recruit their own wave of talent layers. Take the military as an example. Rich Von Alvensleben points out that if the Commander in Chief was the only one calling the shots, the nation would be in a sad state. The President of the United States has a layered system of command, with each area lead by a trusted official. Each of these units of the military, from the Army to the Coast Guard to the Air Force, all have Generals, Lieutenants, Sergeants and so on and so on until the ranks exhaust at Private. Rich Von Alvensleben notes that each of these positions is vital to the nation’s safety but not each is rewarded the same way. The higher-ranking officers are the ones calling the shots and therefore earning a higher wage – just like on Main Street and Wall Street America.

Rich Von Alvensleben believes that only by filling each wave of new recruits does the military function as a whole. So it is with business. Each “commander” must possess a talent for knowing which men and women will fit best in their organization and at what level. Each position is important; just as each piece to a clock is necessary to its continued accuracy.

From atop his or her “mountain,” a leader must be able to see beyond the horizon and anticipate what comes next. Corporations are the same, says Rich Von Alvensleben. He asks his new employees/partners/workers, “where do you want to start?” The 97% start at the bottom and stop in the middle because it’s just too hard, too frustrating, to fraught with politics to get to the top without being a visionary, without being the one that begins there, concludes Von.

Rich Von Alvensleben is a respected real estate investment professional. As Operations Manager of Von Vesting, Inc. and CEO of LKT Inc (d.b.a. OneUP Construction), Rich Von Alvensleben specializes in acquiring, rehabbing and re-selling distressed properties. Over the past 12 years, he has profitably managed a $48 million real estate redevelopment (or flip) fund. In 2008 alone, Rich Von Alvensleben bought and sold (“flipped”) a record 450 homes.

Rich Von Alvensleben began his career as a commercial diver for the United States Antarctic Research Program; at USARP, Von Alvensleben was stationed abroad for four months. Rich Von Alvensleben was also founder/co-owner of the Associated Drilling Company, and helmed World Concepts LLC as co-founder and sales manager.

Rich Von Alvensleben also contributes to Del Oro High School and other volunteer activities in his Northern California community. Currently residing in the Sacramento area, Rich Von Alvensleben enjoys outdoor activities with his family. Rich Von Alvensleben’s hobbies include hiking, bicycling and camping.

Mario Romano Says “Show Me – Don’t Just Tell Me”

In Professionals, Uncategorized on December 20, 2010 at 8:17 am
Mario Romano

Mario Romano

Mario Romano and the team at Wealth Engineering believe that their online education and analysis platform is quite simply the best option available to individual investors. Mario Romano, CEO of Wealth Engineering, will tell you directly that “talk is cheap – results are what matter most!”

According to Mario Romano, Wealth Engineering markets the “Investview” product of Global Investor Services Inc., a publicly traded company providing online financial education, analysis tools and live webinar-based training to individual subscribers.

From Mario Romano’s perspective, what sets the Investview product apart is its live trading rooms. These live webinars are held five times per week and Mario Romano says that they demonstrate real trade strategies to students. Mario Romano explains that this is not training that uses examples from the past. Instead, Mario Romano says that students are able to apply the education and trade strategies to real trades and share performance from start to finish. “Most others tell you, while our platform demonstrates everything,” points out Mario Romano.

Mario Romano presents the approach of the platform as simple. Investview combines the three critical elements required:

  1. Education – Mario Romano says that everyone must have the training and knowledge to approach investing in the market intelligently.
  2. Analysis Tools – The tools to assess and evaluate the markets, companies and key financial information are critical, says Mario Romano, and this type of information was once available only to professionals.
  3. Application– The ability to apply the education and the analysis to real trades, notes Mario Romano, is the element of the solution that puts the Investview platform in a class of its own.

Mario Romano lives with the conviction that we are living in an age where we can be the most educated and informed investors in history. Mario Romano points out that information is available to everyone and it allows individuals the opportunity to participate in their own financial outcome. Mario Romano believes the Investview product platform will enable everyone to take control of his or her capital and become a “wealth engineer.”

Mario Romano dedicates his professional life to these objectives and strives to establish Wealth Engineering as a leader in providing financial education to the masses worldwide. For more information, Mario Romano can be reached at 732-889-4308.

Mario Romano began his Wall Street career at Lehman Brothers in 1982. From then until the beginning of the new millennium, Mario Romano held several executive positions with a select group of Wall Street institutions. Mario Romano also served as CEO of Romano Enterprises LLC from May 2000 through December 2004. In 2005, Mario Romano co-founded Wealth Engineering & Development and through their combined efforts, Mario Romano contributed to securing the largest contractual agreements for the InvestView platform of Global Investor Services Inc. Mario Romano has fine-tuned motivational skills that have allowed him to establish, grow and manage a group of over 100 retail stockbrokers. With over twenty-five years of Wall Street experience, Mario Romano believes the time has come for individuals to learn how to manage and grow their wealth. Mario Romano dedicates his professional life to these objectives and strives to solidify Wealth Engineering as a leader in providing financial education to the masses worldwide.

Carnegie Digital Computers | Guide to Informed Electronics Purchases

In Professionals, Technology, Uncategorized on May 25, 2010 at 6:40 pm

All people want to make good decisions with their money. That’s why
Carnegie Digital Computers has compiled the most important and crucial information for those considering buying a new electronic device. According to Carnegie Digital Computers, there are certain things consumers need to know in order to spend their money wisely.

When buying electronics, Carnegie Digital Computers suggests that customers begin by reading Consumer Reports. These official reports detail consumer experiences with certain products, says Carnegie Digital Computers. Such information leads to more informed purchases, which is better for both the buyer and seller. Carnegie Digital Computers lets customers know that the most reliable data on any electronic is available through consumer ratings.

Carnegie Digital Computers also urges buyers to consider purchasing a refurbished electronic device. Refurbs can offer huge discounts compared to the original price. The key is to make sure the product is factory-refurbished, says Carnegie Digital Computers. This is the only way to ensure that the product has a decent manufacturing history. Carnegie Digital Computers explains that these products should also come with a valid warranty in order to provide a good deal to buyers.
Customers may also want to consider purchasing extras for the product. Carnegie Digital Computers says that some electronics stores may not offer add-on memory cards or data cables. Many times, buyers do not need such extra products to receive full functionality of the electronic, but it’s always a good idea to consider.

According to Carnegie Digital Computers, buying products from brands with a history of products with superior performance is usually a good choice. Although many people are wary of big-name brands because of price, Carnegie Digital Computers says that most of these companies make great electronic products.
In general, Carnegie Digital Computers says that the best rule of thumb to use when shopping for electronics is to take the time to find the product that is best for you. Ask questions and do research and Carnegie Digital Computers knows that you will enjoy your new electronics purchase.

Stephen Pitz | Fine Arts Programs in School Can Help Reduce Student Stress

In Creative Arts, Professionals, Uncategorized on May 20, 2010 at 4:47 pm

Stephen Pitz knows first hand about the benefits that arts can contribute to a school program. Being a former educator, Stephen Pitz believes that fine arts must be kept in schools for students. Why? Because according to Stephen Pitz, students who choose to take part in arts and theatre programs grow into more mature and well-balanced young adults. Stephen Pitz is so passionate about fine arts that he is currently pursuing a writing career.
Students who take part in fine arts programs learn how to handle daily stress better, according to Stephen Pitz. Understanding how to handle stress and pressure is a crucial part of growing up. Stephen Pitz claims that arts and theatre programs teach students this important ability.
Fine arts activities also tend to make students more responsible, continues Stephen Pitz. Acquiring the self-discipline to practice an instrument or memorizing lines for a part in the play helps students grow. Stephen Pitz asserts that the skills that come with fine arts are not specifically found in any other subject. Because of this, Stephen Pitz believes that taking art programs out of public schools would cause a serious blow to creative thinking.
Stephen Pitz argues that becoming involved in arts or theatre programs in school is one of the best decisions a student can make. Participating students generally become more mature and trustworthy. Also, Stephen Pitz points out that fine arts offer good-natured fun. Stephen Pitz feels that young people who are able to have fun in an arts-based setting are better able to withstand peer pressure. Because students can gain confidence in themselves and their abilities, they are better able to resist the temptation to give in to negative social pressures, concludes Stephen Pitz.

Joseph Merlo – Keeping Our World Green – Joseph Merlo

In Energy, Uncategorized on May 6, 2010 at 8:57 pm

Keeping Our World Green | Joseph Merlo Discusses the Major Sources of Pollution

Environmentalist and American businessman Joseph Merlo weighs in on the state of today’s environmental conservation movement, particularly the major sources of pollution.


Joseph Merlo ranks industrial production as the primary producer of pollutants on the planet. The industrial process, explains Joseph Merlo, creates hundreds of harmful chemical by-products. Joseph Merlo says that these substances exist as gases, liquids, and solids. A typical oil refinery or metal works facility, points out Joseph Merlo, spews enough gaseous waste into the sky that it affects local weather and eventually settles into the surrounding soil. Joseph Merlo cites a study of a metallurgy facility that established a 25-mile radius of polluted soil around the factory. For 25 miles around the factory, clarifies Joseph Merlo, the soil was tainted simply from the facility’s smokestacks. This high-density industrial pollution, adds Joseph Merlo, has been going on at the hands of humanity for at least two centuries.

Housekeeping supplies

It should come as no surprise, continues Joseph Merlo, that the environmental havoc wreaked by large-scale industrial production also trickles into the home. Joseph Merlo explains that housekeeping is another significant pollution producer. Consumers buy tons of harsh and powerful cleaning supplies every year, says Joseph Merlo, and most of these chemicals end up in our water system. Joseph Merlo also draws attention to the astonishing amount of packaging supplies wasted on cleaning chemicals and basic household wares. All of this packaging is thrown away, notes Joseph Merlo, and only some of it is recycled. Bottles, cans, plastic wrap, blister packaging and cardboard – Joseph Merlo explains these are just a short list of the ecosystem cluttering by products the typical household adds to the waste flow. Joseph Merlo also lists bleach, detergent, floor cleaner and furniture polish as common chemicals that either add greenhouse gases to the air or deliver ecologically unsound chemicals to the ground and water.

Joseph Merlo explains that humans are not the only culprits denigrating the environment. The natural world itself produces atmosphere-clogging pollutants, says Joseph Merlo, like volcanic eruptions. Joseph Merlo points out that volcanic eruptions spew dust, ash and water vapor into the atmosphere. Joseph Merlo also notes the cloud of detritus produced by a large volcanic eruption can remain suspended in the atmosphere for over a year. The CO2 concentrations of volcanic clouds, adds Joseph Merlo, rival any one instance of human generated pollution.

But Joseph Merlo says that it is unfair to rank volcanoes as gross polluters just to take the responsibility off of humanity. Humans and their industrial processes produce more pollution than natural disasters, says Joseph Merlo, and they produce it faster. Another distinguishing characteristic, adds Joseph Merlo, is that we, as a species working together, can reduce volume of pollutants emitted into the ecosystem. While a volcano can’t go green, concludes Joseph Merlo, people definitely can.